Glossary

Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.

Answer questions in court.

Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.

A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.

A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation.

A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads not guilty,” and the parties are required to come to court to present evidence.